Cryptocurrency and Blockchain Technology Soundbites

Here are quick sound bites on two blockchain-based cryptocurrencies.

What Is a Basic Attention Token?

Basic Attention Tokens or BATs are accounting units used by publishers, users and advertisers. The Ethereum-based BAT technology closely connects to the blockchain based digital advertising platform, Brave. Brave is a browser solution which includes an ad blocker by default. This browser allows publishers, users and advertisers to exchange or donate BATs.

Notes on the Brave Browser

The Brave browser sets itself apart from all other available browsers by function. It provides a tangible way to measure user attention. The browser works by monitoring user attention and assigning value to that attention.

A user’s focused attention on a piece of content produces the basic attention token. The content could be a video, text or any other content type. Basic Attention Tokens are the reward for publishers who receive attention; BATs have real monetary value.

Brave will enhance the user experience of browsing due to its inability to display malvertisements. The browser will also ensure that any advertisements shown are more than relevant but based upon data derived from machine learning. This allows users to see advertisements they are highly interested in while remaining completely anonymous.

Bitcoin and the IBM Blockchain

The IBM Blockchain is the stable network through which Bitcoin is distributed. The Hyperledger fabric is specifically for professionals who want to conduct business via blockchain. The trust, anonymity and security issues you would normally encounter with the Bitcoin blockchain are no longer present by use of a private blockchain.

In this way, the identity of the person you’re doing business is known to you when it otherwise wouldn’t. Since security threats are no longer an issue, it makes it feasible to conduct business in federally regulated industries via the IBM Blockchain. It’s also safer to conduct a number of transactions: cars, houses, patents, digital property and more.

Study Shows IBM i Has Big Cost Advantage Over Alternatives

According to an August 2017 study conducted by Quark + Lepton, an independent research and management consulting firm, IBM i on Power Systems servers provides a substantial TCO (total cost of ownership) advantage over equivalent Windows or Linux platforms.

For the study, which was funded by IBM, Quark + Lepton used three different server/database configurations: an IBM Power Systems server running IBM i Operating System V7.3 with DB2, an x86 server running Windows Server 2016 and SQL Server 2016 and an x86 with Linux and Oracle Database 12c. TCO estimates were based on the costs of hardware acquisition and maintenance, OS and database licenses and support, system and database admin personnel salaries and facilities expenses. Several different use cases were analyzed.

A Big TCO Advantage

The results of the study showed the projected three-year TCO for the three setups to be as follows:

  • Power Systems/IBM i/DB2 – $430,815
  • x86/Windows/SQL Server – $1.18 million
  • x86/Linux/Oracle – $1.27 million

The study concludes that “costs for use of IBM i on Power Systems are lower across the board”. For example, initial hardware and software acquisition costs for the IBM i systems averaged 8% less than the Windows systems, and fully 24 % less than the Linux systems.

Perhaps the most surprising factor in the stark differential between the IBM i solution and the others was in the cost of required support staff. Based on a 300-user scenario, IBM i required 0.3 FTE (full time equivalent) support personnel, compared to 0.5 FTE for the Windows setup and 0.55 FTE for Linux.

But the biggest differential in staff costs arose from the fact that IBM i admins could handle both the OS and the database. Those double-duty IBM i personnel commanded salaries of about $86,000, while Windows and Linux sysadmins were paid $71,564 and $86,843 respectively. However, the Windows and Linux setups also required the support of separate database admins, adding $100,699 (SQL Server) and $103,283 (Oracle) to the personnel costs for those solutions.

Simplicity

In its conclusion the report notes that while the industry is trending toward ever-greater complexity, the simplicity of IBM i makes it by far the most cost-effective platform on which to base an organization’s IT infrastructure.

IBM’s Watson is Becoming a Crime Fighter

Sherlock Holmes and WatsonIn Sir Arthur Conan Doyle’s Sherlock Holmes stories, Dr. Watson was the great detective’s trusted sidekick in fighting crime. Now, with IBM’s help, Watson has become a crime-fighting detective in his (actually its) own right.

IBM’s newest cognitive computing offering is Financial Crimes Insight with Watson, which is designed to help banks spot financial crimes such as money laundering. The mission of this latest incarnation of Watson, the brainchild of the company’s newly formed Watson Financial Services division, is to “[help] organizations efficiently manage financial investigation efforts through streamlined research and analysis of unstructured and structured data.”

This new suite of Watson products is aimed at helping financial institutions manage their regulatory and fiduciary obligations. It’s estimated that by 2020 the world-wide financial services industry will be faced with more 300 million pages of regulations, with the list growing by thousands of additional pages every day. That is, of course, far too much information for any team of human beings to stay on top of. But Watson, with its advanced artificial intelligence, cognitive computing and machine learning capabilities, was designed for exactly that kind of big data analytics.

The system was trained, using 60,000 US regulatory citations, by experts from Promontory Financial Group, a regulatory compliance consulting firm that IBM bought in 2016. The training also incorporates an ongoing review of transactions and cases that involve possible financial crimes. As Gene Ludwig, founder and CEO of Promontory Financial Group explains, “we’re embedding our deep regulatory experience into Watson so that a broader group of professionals can benefit from this knowledge and help their organizations operate more effectively and efficiently.”

These new Watson products are not narrowly focused just on crime, however. The broader aim is to help clients in the financial services industry address a wide range of risk assessment and regulatory compliance responsibilities. For example, in addition to the Financial Crimes Insight with Watson product, IBM is also offering Watson Regulatory Compliance, which focuses on assisting financial institutions in understanding and addressing constantly changing regulatory requirements.

Attend Watson and IBM i at the 2017 Fall Conference and Expo.

IBM Watson Taking the Fight to Cancer

CancerIBM Watson is taking the fight to cancer as more hospitals and medical research firms around the world use the resource in their ongoing war to treat the dreaded disease.

The Jeopardy champion has been consistently improving when it comes to designing treatment plans for cancer victims, Engadget reported.

New data presented to the American Society of Clinical Oncology showed suggested treatment plans from Watson were often exactly what physicians would recommend.

Recent research from India showed Watson’s suggested treatments for colon cancer matched physicians recommendations 81 percent of the time, 93 percent of the time for rectal cancer, and 96 percent of the time for lung cancer.

A study from Thailand showed comparable rates of agreements for lung, breast, colorectal and gastric cancer treatments.

Healthcare researchers are increasingly using Watson for Oncology, a cognitive computing system trained by doctors from Memorial Sloan Kettering. The system takes a patient’s medical history, extracts information from the records, and is able to design a personalized treatment plan.

Watson for Oncology just made its debut in Australia, with Queensland-based Icon Group signing up with IBM and helping oncologists across the country, the Australian Business Review reported.

Icon Group will implement an “augmented intelligence platform” to help clinicians stay on top of ever increasing amounts of cancer research.

“Traditionally they rely on a series of conferences and journals and have to soak up every bit of the new research, but Watson gives them easier access to this information,” said Cathie Reid, one of Icon’s co-founders.

The Georgia Cancer Center is also making use of IBM Watson to quickly assess genetic markers in tumors, according to the Augusta Chronicle.

With so many taking advantage of IBM Watson as a powerful resource, the system continues to prove itself as a desired ally in the fight against cancer.

Hyperconverged Infrastructure (HCI) Now Runs on IBM Power Systems

Stefanie ChirasToday’s corporate data centers are using more and more compute and storage resources to meet rapidly increasing operational requirements. Because traditional data center architectures are experiencing great difficulty in meeting these new demands, an alternative technology is swiftly gaining acceptance. Hyperconverged Infrastructure, or HCI, is on what Stefanie Chrias, IBM’s VP Power Systems, calls “a rapid growth trajectory.” And now, for the first time, this new technology that is so swiftly penetrating enterprise data centers is available to run on IBM’s Power Systems platforms.

But what, exactly, is hyperconverged infrastructure?

HCI takes the fundamental elements of the data center, servers, data storage, and networking, and packages them together in a single unified appliance. The entire unit, as well as its component parts, is controlled entirely by sophisticated software under the direction of detailed policies established by IT administrators. Both the compute engine and the storage controller run on the same server platform, and each appliance functions as a node in a cluster.

The constituent parts of the HCI appliance are hidden behind a unified “single pane of glass” software interface. So, there is no need for users or applications to deal directly with the hardware or its particular characteristics. The software can automatically and transparently carry out tasks such as performing data backups, scaling out (simply by adding nodes) to provision additional storage as needed, or swapping out nodes that fail. This approach greatly simplifies the IT management task.

Part of the appeal of HCI is that it was designed to run on inexpensive industry-standard x86-compatible servers and storage devices. But that meant IBM’s RISC-based Power Systems line was shut out of this fast-growing market.

HCI and Power Systems

IBM Power SystemsNow, however, IBM has announced that it is partnering with Nutanix, which 451 Research has named as the leading HCI provider, to market appliances based on the Power Systems line rather than x86 servers. Because of the superior compute and data handling capabilities of the Power architecture, IBM believes this new platform will allow enterprise customers to “run any mission critical workload, at any scale, with world-class virtualization and automation capabilities.” The platform is particularly suited to running high performance database, analytics, machine learning, and artificial intelligence applications.

For IBM, HCI is “a fundamentally different approach to enterprise application needs.” It also represents an important emerging market that IBM didn’t want to be left out of.


Looking for Power Systems education? Take a look at COMMON’s online offerings.

IBM Power Systems Benefits

IBM Power Systems provides one of the leading IT management systems in the market. In the past, it was primarily focused on simply running a smooth operating system and solving key problems. However today it has migrated to new applications. In particular, the IBM Power Systems Linux based servers, called the OpenPOWER LC servers, are a hardware solution that many managers will find intriguing.

IBM Power Systems

Speed and Storage

OpenPOWER LC servers have two key benefits. The first is simply the speed and storage capabilities. The key specs are:

  • Up to 20 cores (2.9-3.3Ghz)
  • 2 sockets
  • 512 GB memory (16 DIMMs)
  • 115 GB/sec max sustained memory bandwidth
  • 12 3.5” SATA drives, 96 TB storage
  • 5 PCIe slots, 2 CAPI enabled
  • 2 Nvidia K80 GPU capable

That means that the analytical and big data capabilities are off the chart. In fact, MongoDB runs twice as fast and EDB Postgress runs 1.8 times as fast on the system.

Companies are dealing with more complex problems that require even more power than ever before. Firms are dealing with analytics issues such as supply chain optimization, agile asset management, fraud prevention and enterprise data management that only can be handled with a powerful big data server like the OpenPOWER LC.

Integration

The second benefit is that the server integrates nicely with existing data systems and other servers. This product is fully compatible to be plugged right into a server farm. There is no need to do extensive customization or back-end fixes.  Instead, IT managers can add it into the existing stock as a powerful new tool.

COMMON is a leading organization helping Power Systems professionals through educational events, certification, and ongoing training. For more information, please visit our website.

The Benefits of Certification

There’s still a lot of competition in today’s job market. Even skilled IT professionals will tend to struggle to get jobs today. Getting specialized certifications can make all the difference for people who are looking for a job or trying to succeed in a career.

Career Advancement

Having IT certification can mean the difference between getting the job and staying in the job market for even longer. Some employers will actually narrow down the applicant pool based on who has certification and who doesn’t. Certified individuals will also find it easier to network with people who have similar certifications, which can enhance their career opportunities.

Rising in a company and getting a higher salary often requires people to familiarize themselves with new technologies and acquire new skills. People will usually need to provide some documented evidence that they have such skills and knowledge, and earning new certifications can make that happen.

Career Stability

Employers are more likely to keep certified employees on staff during difficult times. People with high-level certifications have documented skills that other employees won’t have. People who earn new certifications will make themselves more valuable employees.

New certifications allow IT professionals to stay relevant. The technological world changes very quickly. Skills can become obsolete just as rapidly. The people who are progressing further with certifications immediately send the message that they’re able to adapt to this transitory environment. These are the people who will keep their jobs or get new jobs more easily. Certified people know their field and they can network within the field more effectively.

Learn more about COMMON Certification.

IBM Watson For Oncology Going Live in a U.S. Community Hospital

In a first for the U.S., IBM’s Watson For Oncology (WFO) is essentially joining the clinical staff at an American community hospital. After being trained at the Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, and being tested in hospitals in several parts of the world, Watson will assist doctors at the 327-bed Jupiter Medical Center of Jupiter, Florida, in developing personalized treatment plans for cancer patients.

Why Watson?

What Watson brings to the table is its ability to quickly sift through reams of data from medical journals, textbooks, and clinical trials in order to provide doctors with rankings of the most appropriate treatment options for a particular patient. Identifying the proper treatment regime for cancer patients has always been difficult. Now, with rapid advancements in cancer research and clinical practice, the amount of data available to doctors is far outstripping their ability to keep up with current best practices.

WFO can lift much of what is essentially an information processing task off the shoulders of physicians. By combining information from the medical literature with the patient’s own records and physicians’ notes, Watson can provide a ranked list of personalized treatment options. And if patient records don’t provide all the information it needs for its analysis, Watson will even prompt the physician for more data.

Humans Still Required

Of course WFO is not intended to in any way replace or supersede human physicians. Dr. Abraham Schwarzberg, chief of oncology at Jupiter, thinks of Watson as providing a “second opinion” in the examination room. Doctors can access Watson’s recommendations on a tablet device while the examination of the patient is in progress. “We want a tool that interacts with physicians on the front end as they are prospectively going into making decisions,” says Dr. Schwarzberg.

Results

HospitalIn a study of 638 breast cancer cases conducted at a hospital in Bengaluru, India, WFO’s treatment recommendations achieved an overall 90 percent rate of agreement with those of a human tumor board. Still, IBM acknowledges that it’s too early to claim that Watson will actually improve outcomes for cancer patients. But with the vastly improved ability to personalize treatment options for individual patients that Watson provides, there’s every reason for optimism. As Nancy Fabozzi, a health analyst at Frost & Sullivan puts it, “Watson for Oncology is fundamentally reshaping how oncologists derive insights that enable the best possible decision making and highest quality patient care.”

2017 Fall Conference Call for Presentations

The Call for Presentations is now open for the COMMON 2017 Fall Conference & Expo, which takes place October 2-4, 2017 at the Hyatt Regency St. Louis at the Arch in St. Louis, Missouri.

This three-day Power Systems educational and networking event will be packed with educational sessions on a variety of topics, including vendor-led sessions, an Expo and numerous networking opportunities. The conference will consist of stand-alone sessions of 75 or 165 minutes in length, lecture and demos and preconference workshops.

The education team is looking for content in every Course of Study. But we are particularly interested in sessions on External Storage, Virtualization, Managing Source Code in the IFS using GIT and general Systems Management courses. We are also looking for intermediate to advanced sessions on Node.js, Python, and Ruby.

The deadline to submit a session for consideration is June 5, 2017. To submit a session, you must first log-on to your Cosmo account.

If this is your first time using COSMO, click on password in “I don’t know my username or password.” For your username, use the email address you have on file with COMMON. Follow the instructions to retrieve your password. (Issues signing on? Call us at 1.312.279.0192.)

Once you are in the system, hover on CALL FOR PRESENTATIONS on any page and then select Submit a New Session. See the screen shot below.

Call for Presentations

If you are a returning speaker as would like to resubmit a session you have previously submitted, go to My Sessions and click Select next to the session in your session list to edit the status.

You can view and edit any of your submissions up until the June 5, 2017 deadline by visiting My Sessions.

Spreading the MAGIC of IBM i

MAGICOne of the newest Power Systems/IBM i users’ groups is the Mid-Atlantic Group of IBM i Collaborators – or MAGIC for short. Serving Virginia Beach and the Chesapeake Bay area, MAGIC brings education and networking to this community. To learn more about MAGIC, visit www.magic-ug.org.

Thank you to Laura Hamway for answering a few questions regarding the group.

Why do Power Systems and IBM i users need MAGIC now?

MAGIC and all user groups are needed to help assist the user base with the latest offerings in the IBM i world. Currently many users are not aware of technologies available on the i. For example, open source, PHP etc. Even the advancements in RPG, utilizing RDi. These developments play a significant role in staying current. Also, user groups are great for networking. The knowledge you can learn from your peers is tremendous, and these groups bring people together to share what they have done and what issues/challenges they may face.

What gives MAGIC it’s “magic”?

MAGIC is made up of very enthusiastic IBM i users, and they want to see the platform succeed and expand. We want to educate and bring more IBM i users together. Additionally, we want to share with everyone what a great platform this is and that the IBM i can do everything other platforms can do.

What are the most important IT issues facing MAGIC members?

Currently staffing is a huge concern for IBM i shops. The user group provides a place to learn new techniques on the IBM i, and in return, this opens up the talent pool. Taking advantage of PHP, .Net and other technologies means these IBM i shops do not need to only look for RPG talent. For individuals currently on the IBM i, this means you do not have to just work in RPG. You have an opportunity to learn and utilize other great technologies and enhance your skill level.

MAGIC covers a wide geographic area. How will the organization bring its members together?

Most meetings will be online with several satellite locations. All meetings will utilize webcam. The use of the webcam will make the meetings more personable. Attendees agree that watching a presenter while they are speaking is more engaging then just watching a screen and hearing a voice. We also utilize a webcam at the satellite locations so the presenters can see how the audience is reacting and if people have questions. This method has proven to be more interactive. With this methodology, we can reach a wider audience. If you are able to attend one of the satellite meetings – that is great. You get to network with your fellow IBM i peers. If you cannot make it to a satellite location, then you can participate online. Our focus is to get the most information out to all that want to participate.

Can you share a fun or inspiring story from one of your first events?

MAGIC ConferenceOur first annual event was in Virginia Beach, a two-day conference. The challenge was getting the word out. We were new and didn’t have a name yet, but we knew there were users that would benefit. Usually Virginia Beach is beautiful with fall weather temperatures in the 70s. We thought…what a great place to come for a conference, a small beach town. A hotel right on the beach! We confirmed Charlie Guarino as a speaker at the conference. He was excited to stay in the area with the beach and sunshine. Mike Larsen even extended his trip through the weekend to take in all the sites of Virginia Beach. Well, then Hurricane Matthew decided to threaten the area. The weather was horrible! It was windy with rain the entire time. Charlie luckily got out after the conference. I think Lee Paul was stuck due to weather, and Mike got to spend the weekend in a flooded hotel! It was a conference to remember!

Besides the weather, with some cancelling due to the storm, we had a great turn out. The event was a success, and the users were fired up about all the possibilities on the i. They couldn’t wait to start a new user group. During the conference, we had a competition to see who could come up with the name for the group. Tom Rainey suggested MAGIC – Mid-Atlantic Group of IBM i Collaborators.

MAGIC is holding a Modernization Seminar on March 30, 2017. Click here to learn more.